To Some There Is No Difference In Skin Color

This was on my Facebook.

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Image may contain: 2 people, child, ocean, sky, outdoor, closeup and water

“My daughter and I are in Myrtle Beach taking a sunset walk when this adorable and sweet little boy comes walking right up to her. He shares with her the shark tooth around his neck. He tells her his name and asks her name to which she tells him. They part ways while saying goodbye, walking in the opposite direction. A few minutes later he comes running back, in what seems to be in slow motion, yelling out my daughter’s name. She turns around and is greeted by his smile. So they share a few words, mainly about his super cool shark’s tooth that apparently gave him powers 🙂 Before they walked, talked and raced, I asked his mother for permission to take this picture and this was the result. No one positioned them, told them to smile and there was absolutely no hesitation on their part at all. When we finished walking and it was time to go they hugged for a long time and exchanged about 20 “goodbyes.” This is a moment that we humans understand as just simply seeing no color lines, no judgement, no race, no hate, no shades. It’s just pure….two kids meeting on a sunset walk without a care in the world…all they saw was each other. This world would be a much better place if we acted like these two kids.”
Source: Ayanna Toye Barrows
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Bonnie Jean Hern
4m

Shared with Public
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This is what I have tried to get across to adults several times here lately. If only we adults could be as honest and truly interested in each other’s friendship instead of beating each other down, then the world would be so much better off. After all, “WE ARE ALL CREATED EQUAL!!!!!” These two precious children know it without even knowing what they are doing. Like the post said, they don’t see color, they only see the possibility of having another friend, and the friendship could last a lifetime! Wouldn’t that be sweet for these two children full of such brotherly love with no boundaries. Thank you, whoever, for posting this. And to this, I want to add, LOVE IN CHRIST!

In The Bible…….

This was on Facebook, and I feel the same way as this man does.

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Image may contain: 1 person, standing and beard, text that says 'AMEN IN THE BIBLE THERE IS NO WHITE OR BLACK CHURCH. JESUS DID NOT COME TO SAVE SKIN BUT TO SAVE SOULS!'

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God does not care about the color of our skin. He cares if we love Him and have asked Him into our hearts, and whether or not we will follow His teachings. To God our skin color is not an issue. The Bible tells us that we are all created equal, and in His image. To me, that means that no one color is better than the other, or worse than the other. We are just the same. Being created equal means we all have the following in our bodies: a brain, a heart, two eyes, two ears,a tongue, a mouth, an esophagus, a throat, tonsils, a stomach, a liver, large intestines and small intestines(bowels), a spleen, two kidneys, a pancreas, a pelvis, two arms and hands, two legs and feet, a gallbladder, and a bladder. To top it all off, “WE ALL BLEED RED WHEN WE ARE SCRATCHED OR PUNCTURED WITH A SHARP OBJECT.”

Being created equal, we should treat each other like brothers and sisters, because that’s what we are. We are brothers and sisters in Jesus Christ our Lord and Savior. When we see a brother or sister in trouble or in need, we should try to help them out the best we can. The “Golden Rule” in the Bible is in Matthew 7:12, and Luke 6:31. In Matthew 7:12 it is written: “Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you; do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets. … shall also do to them; for this is the law and the prophets.” It doesn’t actually say “The Golden Rule.”, that’s just what it has come to be known as, how everybody that says anything refers to it as.If another person is down in the road hurt and needing help, we are supposed to help the man, or get help to him. If another man is sick or injured and needing someone to help him with daily life, we are to go to him and help him with meals, medicines, bathing, and feeding him, whether he is actually a brother or not one, we are still to help him.

In telling us to do this, it doesn’t say to only help someone of your same color or nationality, it says to help your neighbor in whatever way he needs help.” in the Bible there is a section stating specifics, it is; Matthew 25:36 – “Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye … did we see You hungry and feed You, or thirsty and give You something to drink? … widows in their distress, and to keep oneself from being polluted by the world. … Good men, if they could not obtain release of prisoners, might comfort and …”

 

 

Missing Medical Appointments Due To Covid-19

This was on Facebook. An important article to read and take heed.

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Why You May Regret Letting Virus Fears Keep You Away From the Doctor

Critical cancer screenings, vital vaccinations, emergency symptoms call for visits

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Non-urgent medical appointments have been on hold for much of the pandemic. Over the past four months, patients and physicians have canceled routine checkups, postponed preventive screenings and put off elective surgeries to protect the health and safety of everyone involved.

But just because in-person visits took a break, that doesn’t mean diseases did. And many patients are asking if and when they should get back to the doctor’s office.

The answer? “It’s really complicated,” says A. Mark Fendrick, M.D., a professor of internal medicine and director of the Center for Value-Based Insurance Design at the University of Michigan — and it’s a decision that should be made on a case-by-case basis with your doctor, who can help you weigh the risks and benefits of being seen in person.

For example, where you live matters. Some communities are seeing a decline in coronavirus cases, while others are experiencing a surge. If you have underlying health conditions that make you more likely to be hospitalized for a coronavirus infection and live in an area where COVID-19 cases are spiking, your physician may opt to keep your appointments over the phone or computer — especially if your ailments can be managed and measured (with a blood pressure cuff and a scale, for instance) from home.

“Having that ability to be in touch with your clinician and make decisions with them” is the best way to determine whether you can be or need to be seen in person anytime soon, Fendrick adds.

Don’t delay emergency care

Exercising caution when it comes to the coronavirus is one thing, but it’s important to differentiate between the type of care that can wait and the conditions and concerns that need more immediate attention. And experts say one of the more alarming consequences of the coronavirus pandemic has been the delay in emergency care.

“We’re finding that many people are going overboard the other way; they are actually sick and they would benefit from coming in,” says James S. Powers, M.D., a geriatrician and professor of medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center.

A June report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found a 42 percent decline in emergency department visits during the early phases of the outbreak. Similarly, an April poll from the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) found that nearly one-third of American adults delayed or avoided medical care over fear of contracting COVID-19.

Symptoms that call for immediate care, according to ACEP, include difficulty breathing or shortness of breath; chest or upper abdominal pain or pressure; sudden dizziness or weakness; a head or spine injury; confusion or difficulty speaking; and uncontrolled bleeding. Injuries from falls should also be evaluated promptly, Powers says.

“Yes, there’s an increased risk for infection” an` time you leave your home and venture into a public place such as a hospital or clinic, Powers explains. “But a greater risk is, of course, the underlying illness that needs to be identified and treated appropriately.”

Stay on top of vaccines

In addition to the drop in emergency room visits, the CDC has also noted a sharp decline in childhood vaccinations during the pandemic, leaving many kids at risk for preventable deadly diseases. Fendrick says older adults should be encouraging their children and grandchildren to stay on top of their vaccine schedules; they also need to make sure they stay up-to-date on their own.

The three most important vaccines for older adults are the flu vaccine, the pneumococcal vaccine and the shingles vaccine, which is given in two doses, two to six months apart.

“Don’t let that window go if you had your [first shingles] injection six months ago and you’re coming due [for the second],” Powers says. “Don’t wait seven or eight months; you should come in and get that now.”

Getting a flu shot this fall “will be more important than ever,” the CDC says, so that’s one appointment you’ll want to make. Keeping adults healthy and out of the hospital as much as possible helps to conserve potentially scarce resources that may be needed for COVID-19.

Some vaccines can be administered at a pharmacy or a walk-in clinic. Check with your doctor to figure out the best time and setting to schedule your shots.

Consider a surgery that will improve your quality of life

Another appointment that’s worth discussing with your doctor is one that will improve your quality of life, such as a joint replacement surgery.

If hospitals and surgery centers in your area are scheduling elective surgeries, and you are booked for a hip or knee replacement, for example, “I would say, ‘Yes, go ahead and do that,’” Powers says. “That’s important for your quality of life; that’s different from just going for a checkup.”

Again, this is a decision your doctor and surgical team can help you make, depending on what’s best for your individual situation.

Keep follow-up cancer screenings

Similar to most other preventive appointments, routine cancer screenings have come to a standstill since March. A report from the health care technology company Komodo Health found that colonoscopies and biopsies performed to diagnose colon cancer declined by nearly 90 percent between January and mid-April, compared with the same period last year; cervical cancer screenings were down by more than 68 percent. This means thousands of Americans will receive a delayed cancer diagnosis because of the pandemic, explains William G. Cance, M.D., a surgical oncologist and chief medical and scientific officer at the American Cancer Society (ACS).

“And the problem that we see is that a lot of patients will just go to the back of the line” when it comes to rescheduling screenings, he adds. “So that’s an even further delay.”

As routine screenings get restarted, some people need to be seen sooner than others. For example, if you have a family history of breast cancer, or have had an abnormal mammogram in the past and are due for one soon, “definitely do not put off your screening,” Cance says. The same goes for cervical and colon cancer screenings in higher-risk individuals.

It’s also important to contact a doctor right away if you are having any symptoms of cancer, such as breast changes, bowel changes or severe fatigue.

For asymptomatic individuals whose previous screenings were clear and who do not have a family history of cancer, postponing a preventive test another few months probably “won’t make any difference,” says Jacqueline W. Fincher, M.D., an internist and president of the American College of Physicians. However, if you are worried about getting pushed to the back of the line due to the backlog of deferred appointments, “be your own advocate” and ask to be seen in a timelier manner, Cance says.

Some chronic conditions require in-person care

While some chronic conditions can be monitored at home with basic medical equipment and regular telehealth check-ins, others need to be dealt with in person. One example is high blood pressure or blood sugar that is not well-managed, Fendrick says. There are also patients on blood thinners who need routine blood draws to check their medication levels, “so those patients should probably go get them done,” he adds.

Patients with congestive heart failure or chronic kidney disease may also need more frequent in-person evaluations and treatments to make sure they don’t develop more acute conditions, Fincher notes. “With chronic medical problems, you cannot continue to put them off. At some point, you’re going to have to be seen,” she adds.

The good news is, these are not appointments you need to proactively schedule on your own. “Your primary care doctor is your go-to person that’s going to help you” decide when you need to be seen, Fincher says. So call your doctor’s office and start the conversation, if you haven’t already.

“You don’t have to be your own doctor; you don’t have to make these decisions in isolation,” she adds.

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It will be very important, especially for senior citizens, to continue receiving your annual vaccines, such as the flu vaccine. Hopefully you have read the article and will decide for yourself, which appointment is important for you to keep and also which vaccines are critical for you to receive.

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Rescue Saves Injured Puppy

This was on Facebook. And I have very strong feelings about the particular subject of animal abuse.

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I would be lying if I said that late at night, I didn’t have awful thoughts as to what I would do to the people who commit such crimes.’

Rescue Saves Puppy With Shattered Jaw And Blown Off Nose After Explosives Went Off In His Mouth

Rescue saves puppy with shattered jaw and blown off nose after explosives went off in his mouth.

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I have always said that it would serve the abuser right, if whatever they do to any animal in the way of abuse was done to them. For example, if someone drags a dog around behind a truck with a chain around its’ neck until it dies, then the person should be drug around behind a truck with a chain, but just short of the person dying. But if someone is actually going to do this, then they need to have the dead dog’s body in the vehicle with them, to be able to show the law just what the person did to the dog. Only difference being that the person gets to recover and live out his life, whereas the poor animal is dead.

Animal abuse should be a felony. The only time an animal should be killed is if they are injured so badly that they won’t make it to the vet, or the vet can’t make it to them, for them to be humanely put to sleep. If animal abuse carried stronger punishments, then maybe there wouldn’t be so much of it rampant in America. The common census states that child abuse often starts in the teen years with animal abuse being the first phase. Later that leads to child abuse, and child abuse often leads to killing adults. The Bible says an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. This goes for people, but it should also go for animals.

There have even been some teenage boys that went so low as to video the abuse and then get a group of friends to view it together so that they can laugh at the animal writhing in pain. Now how sick is that? I’m usually a pretty easy going person, but when it comes to child abuse or animal abuse, I get very angry and say what I feel. Hopefully both kinds of abuse will be treated more seriously by the media and the local authorities that punish the abusers!!

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You Should Wear A Mask

This was from Facebook. This article is very informative about the wearing of face masks. I think it would benefit everybody to read it.

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Yes, You Should Wear a Mask. Here’s How and Why

July 14, 2020 9:15 AM

Properly wearing a mask or cloth face covering can help keep you safe while navigating the COVID-19 pandemic.

cloth masks in yellow blue and light blue
Image by Stephanie King.

As cases of COVID-19 begin to spike again across the country, it’s important to stay steadfast in helping prevent further spread of the virus. While you should continue to wash your hands, cover your coughs and sneezes, avoid touching your face and follow social distancing rules, wearing a mask is an additional step you should also take to stay safe. Here’s why:

As we’ve learned throughout this pandemic, the most common way COVID-19 spreads is through person-to-person contact. When an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks, they produce respiratory droplets that can travel about six feet and can land in the mouths or noses of those nearby. COVID-19 can also be spread by people who don’t know they have the virus since they aren’t experiencing any symptoms. Because of this, the Centers for Disease Control recommend wearing masks or cloth face coverings to help slow the spread of the virus. As of July 13, this recommendation became a requirement for those in the state of Michigan as Governor Gretchen Whitmer signed an executive order requiring mask use in all indoor public spaces.

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“Wearing a mask is recommended when we are indoors with others and can’t reliably maintain the six-foot social distancing rules,” says Amanda Valyko, MPH, the director of infection prevention and epidemiology for Michigan Medicine. “In these circumstances, a mask can add an extra layer of protection.”

To make sure you are properly protected, there are some things you should and should NOT do when wearing a mask or cloth face covering:

  • Choose a mask that doesn’t have a valve or other openings in it.
  • Make sure it covers your face from the bridge of your nose down to your chin.
  • Try to fit it snugly against the sides of your face, making sure there are no gaps.
  • Make sure you can breathe easily through it.
  • Wash it regularly using water and a mild detergent; dry it completely in a hot dryer; store it in a clean container or bag.
  • Do not allow it to slip under your nose and don’t wear it on your forehead or around your neck.
  • Do not put it on a child younger than 2, anyone who has trouble breathing or anyone who is unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove it without assistance.
  • Do not touch the inside of it, as it may be contaminated from your breathing, coughing or sneezing.
  • Do not share it with others in your household without washing and drying it first.

While wearing a mask may not keep you from getting COVID-19, it can help lower the odds. If you’re sick, a mask can help keep your germs from infecting others. If you’re healthy, a mask can help keep respiratory droplets from someone who is sick from landing in your nose and mouth. While we can’t quantify how effective it is to wear a mask, we do know it offers some protection while not wearing one offers none. In short, we are all at the lowest risk when everyone wears a mask.

PRINT OUT: Tips on How to Wear Cloth Face Coverings

Despite the CDC’s recommendations, there is one big myth out there about the safety of wearing a mask – that it causes you to breath in dangerous amounts of carbon dioxide. “For those who can medically tolerate wearing a mask, there is no science to support claims that wearing a mask can harm you,” says Valyko. “Health care workers wear masks and respirators daily, often for extended periods of time, without incident. While it may be uncomfortable, this is how we can help protect one another from COVID-19.”

There is still so much to learn about COVID-19 but, as we all venture back out to restaurants and stores and re-join our families for birthdays and anniversaries this summer, it’s important to make wearing a mask a priority.

“We are all in this together and wearing a mask helps protect you and everyone around you, especially those who are at the highest risk,” says Valyko.

Prayer To God

This was on Facebook.

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 Based in Sweden1d 

I am praying for my family friends and the whole world.

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My Reply, which is quite lengthy, was as follows:

Dear God, I try really hard to be the kind of person you want me to be. I treat all people equal, but I am not able to do all that they need me to do for them. When I can’t do what I think you want me to do, but can’t, I get upset with myself. Usually I apologize for not being able to help them very much, but that I will pray for them if they want me to, and I end up praying with them right there on the spot, because the Bible says “Where two or more are gathered in My name, there I shall be also.” I also invoke the passage to make Satan leave. I tell him “The Bible says that if I tell you to flee in Jesus name because the Bible says so, then you have to do it. So ‘Satan, get thee behind me in the name of Jesus. The Bible says you have to do it, I believe it so flee’.” I come asking You to forgive me for not being able to do all the things that I know people need to be done. I thank You for all of the things that You do for me, like keeping me well from the COVID-19, making it possible to qualify for a caregiver to help me around the apartment, providing the nurses that help me change my catheters every week, for giving me the strength to crochet scarves for homeless people, for being able to color the pictures that people may want in return for a donation to make more scarves for the homeless, and many other things, but especially for my friends and family. One really big thing that I thank You for is the promise that once a person has become a Child Of God and is therefore in Your hands, nobody can pluck that person out of Your hands. Thank You for bringing me safely through the day and then allowing me to wake up in the morning and see all the beauty around me that You have made for us. You are my Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. Love Your Child, Bonnie Jean Hern.
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St. Petersburg Police To Start Issuing Fines To Protesters Blocking Traffic

This article was on Facebook.

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St. Petersburg Police To Start Issuing Fines To Protesters Blocking Traffic

June 2 Black Lives Matter protest in St. Petersburg, Fla. (Chip Osowski/WFLA photo)

ST. PETERSBURG, Fla. (WFLA) — The St. Peterburg Police Department said officers will begin enforcing traffic laws to deter protesters from blocking traffic around the city.

Officers will begin by handing out flyers to educate and warn pedestrians about existing traffic rules. The police department said citations and a $62.50 fine will follow later this week.

Police will reportedly be focusing on the following laws:

  • Must use sidewalk when possible, Florida Statute 316.130 (3)
  • May not obstruct or hinder traffic, Florida Statute 316.2045 (1)
  • Must obey traffic signals, Florida Statute 316.075 (1) (C) 2b

The police department cites recent national incidents of vehicles hitting protesters who were blocking roadways as to why they’re getting stricter on the city’s traffic laws.

The Police Dept. has received numerous complaints about protesters blocking roads impeding traffic for emergency response and delaying citizens driving to work and other obligations.

ST. PETE PD

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I will never understand why society cannot get along with each other. We are all created the same, just we have different skin colors. Every human being that is living has a brain, a heart, two lungs, two kidneys, a pancreas, an appendix, a bladder, a stomach, and large intestines and small intestines, AND WE ALL HAVE RED BLOOD. No matter who you are, your blood is red and comes out when stuck or cut on your skin.

No one nationality is more superior than the next. WE ARE ALL CREATED EQUAL, PERIOD. So why can’t we just enjoy each other’s friendship, and have a good time when doing recreational activities, and have concern for each other when the other person is sick, injured, or out of work?

This world would be better off if all of the fighting would stop. Just because we have different beliefs doesn’t mean we can’t like each other. We can tell each other our beliefs and compare them in a friendly way, but not get into any arguments or fights about it. We are entitled to our beliefs and opinions, as well as the next person being entitled to their beliefs and opinions. It doesn’t have to mean that one of us is wrong and one of us is right, we just have different minds. ENOUGH SAID!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COVID-19 And Nursing Homes

This was on Facebook. This is important information both for people with parents or other family members, or other loved ones, already in nursing homes, and those who may have parents or other family members, or other loved ones, in a nursing home in the not too distant future.

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AARP Urges Lawmakers to Better Protect Nursing Homes from Coronavirus

Facilities need better testing, protective gear, virtual visitation and more transparency and accountability

Female doctor doing medical exam of a woman

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Two-thirds of coronavirus-related deaths in metropolitan Phoenix have occurred in nursing homes and other long-term care facilities, AARP’s Arizona director on Thursday told members of a House of Representatives subcommittee examining how COVID-19 has affected such facilities in similar ways all across the country.

“AARP has heard from thousands of people all across the country whose loved ones – their mothers, fathers, grandparents, aunts, uncles and dear friends – lost their lives in nursing homes,” Dana Marie Kennedy told the House Ways and Means Committee’s health subcommittee. “We are deeply alarmed by the rising death toll and the continued lack of urgent action. Much more is needed now to protect residents, staff, their loved ones and the surrounding communities from this disease.”

Kennedy was one of seven witnesses to testify during a virtual subcommittee hearing on how the coronavirus has had an impact on nursing homes. Nationwide, more than 50,000 nursing home residents have succumbed to COVID-19, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation.

Kennedy shared AARP’s five-point plan for helping to stem the continued loss of life and improve conditions in the nation’s long-term care facilities. The points are:

  • Ensuring access to adequate personal protective equipment and testing
  • Ensuring adequate staff and the ability of long-term care ombudsmen to have access to the facility
  • Requiring transparency of COVID-19 data, including cases at a facility, transfer and discharge rights, and how nursing homes are using the federal relief funds they have received
  • Requiring facilities to provide residents and their families with virtual visits
  • Rejecting proposals to grant broad legal immunity to nursing homes and other long-term care facilities

All of the witnesses at the hearing, which included a Texas woman who lost her brother to the virus, a licensed practical nurse as well as a researcher and advocates, said they continue to hear firsthand reports that long-term care facilities still lack the PPE they need and that testing for the virus is still lacking.

“Today we are still understaffed, overworked and don’t have enough PPE,” said Melinda Haschak, a licensed practical nurse at a Connecticut nursing home. Haschak, a single mother, said she frequently has had to unknowingly care for residents who tested positive for the coronavirus and when she contracted the illness she had to isolate herself from her two teenage daughters and ailing sister.

Haschak said she was grateful for donations of food to her and her coworkers as well as the occasional pizza party. But, she said, “I do not need a pizza party, we need PPE.”

David Grabowski, a professor at the Harvard Medical School, said testing in nursing homes is still not adequate. “Until we get rapid and accurate testing for all staff and residents, we won’t be able to contain COVID,” Grabowski said. “This can’t be just a one-off. We need a surveillance program that regularly tests staff and residents in order to identify new cases as they emerge.”

Delia Satterwhite, whose brother died in an Austin, Texas, nursing home from the coronavirus, said after the facility called her on March 13 to say she could no longer visit, she was not able to have any contact with him except the occasional visit through a window. “The worst part is that he died alone,” Satterwhite said emotionally. Her brother died on April 16. “I should have been with him,” she said.

Kennedy also urged Congress to require virtual visitation. “In America, when the technology to facilitate virtual visits is not only abundant, but increasingly affordable, it is nothing short of a scandal that these visits are still not available on a regular basis to many Americans in these facilities,” she said.

The Use Of Fake Exempt Card – Not To Wear A Mask

This was on Facebook. These cards are fraudulent.

Dreamability

5 hrs Shared with Members of Dreamability

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People Are Using Fake ‘Exemption Cards’ to Get Out of Wearing Face Masks

At this point you’ve probably been made aware of the countless reasons people are giving to get out of wearing a face mask. Now, “Face Mask Exempt Cards” are making their way around the internet, citing the Americans With Disabilities Act as the reason people shouldn’t be “forced” to wear a mask. Many of these cards and flyers include a logo for the Freedom to Breathe Agency (FTBA), which is not a real government agency.

In fact, the real FTBA (which stands for Florida Transportation Builders’ Association) had to release a statement clarifying they weren’t associated with the FTBA that’s distributing the fake cards.

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Sweaty Face Mask? 5 Tips to Keep Cool While Covered Up

This was on Facebook. These tips are worth reading, and then decide which one or ones might work for you. Unfortunately, there is always the chance that none of them will work for you. I hope one or two of them will though.

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 Sweaty Face Mask? 5 Tips to Keep Cool While Covered Up

Staying safe and comfortable as temperatures rise

woman exercising outside at the park while wearing a mask

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With health authorities continuing to urge face-covering in public to curb the spread of COVID-19, we’ve become familiar with the minor irritants of wearing masks: chafed ears, foggy glasses, snapped straps. The arrival of summer takes the potential discomfort up a notch, trapping sweat and heat under our facial sheaths.

“As physicians, when we are wearing masks for long periods of time, for example in surgery or during a procedure, you’ll notice we keep the rooms what patients call ‘uncomfortably cold,’” says Gregory Poland, a physician and vaccine researcher at the Mayo Clinic. “There’s a reason for that.”

Keeping your face covered when venturing outside the home remains a crucial weapon in the fight against the coronavirus, recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and mandated by some state and local governments.

Fortunately, there are ways to stay cool or, at least, cooler while masked up. Here are five tips from experts for more comfortably keeping your respiratory droplets in check.

1. Choose the right fabric

A light, breathable material like cotton will likely keep your face cooler than medical and N95 masks made from synthetic materials, and in the right configuration can be effective in preventing contagion, according to new research by Taher Saif, a professor of mechanical science and engineering at the University of Illinois.

Saif’s team tested 10 common fabrics, from 100 percent cotton to polyester and silk blends, to see which best balance comfort and droplet-blocking impermeability. The “sweet spot,” he says, is a two-layer mask made from a cotton T-shirt, which comes close to matching a surgical mask’s efficiency in stopping potentially infectious droplets from coughs and sneezes and is about twice as breathable.

All-cotton tested best, but up to 40 percent polyester will do the job, Saif says. “I’m not a cloth expert. I just buy things from Walmart and Target,” he adds with a laugh. “Our study showed that if you have these layers on top of your mouth and nose, you don’t have to have an official mask where it goes with the elastic behind your ears. You can just wrap it around your nose and mouth, like a bandana.”

Lighter, softer cotton coverings can also help you avoid chafing, heat rash or inflaming a skin condition like eczema or dermatitis, says Carrie Kovarik, an associate professor of dermatology at the University of Pennsylvania’s Perelman School of Medicine and a member of the American Academy of Dermatology’s COVID-19 task force.

“They make masks out of a lot of different material, so you want to feel it and make sure it’s something that feels soft against your skin,” she says. “A lot of people are making masks for fashion, they want it to look nice and pretty on the face, but make sure it feels good.”

2. Keep it dry

Cotton traps less air and moisture than standard medical and industrial masks, and it’s more absorbent, but if it gets damp due to breathing and sweating it can be less effective in filtering respiratory particles, not to mention uncomfortable and abrasive to the skin.

“Try to stay in well-ventilated locations to keep air and vapor mixing, which can help evaporate any extra water (and also keep the rest of your skin/body feeling cooler),” says Jennifer Vanos, a biometeorologist at Arizona State University who studies the effects of heat on health.

Vanos also suggests trying masks made of especially absorbent materials like bamboo, which “can absorb up to three times the amount of water as cotton.” Hemp also wicks moisture well, and washable hemp-blend masks are widely available online, although like bamboo they tend to cost more than cotton face coverings.

3. Time trips to beat the heat

Avoid going out at the hottest parts of the day and for extended periods. Stop at home between errands if you can, to cool off and doff your mask. When you do have to be out, stay well-hydrated and seek the shade.

Being cognizant of the heat is about much more than keeping your mask fresh. “We have major issues every summer with heat exhaustion and heat stroke and heat-related deaths,” the Mayo Clinic’s Poland says, and older adults are “definitely at increased risk.”

An ice pack or damp cloth applied to the head or neck can help you cool off — just take care not to get your mask wet or touch your face. Poland notes other heat hacks he’s observed traveling in parts of Asia where mask-wearing has long been routine.

“They more often carry a hand-powered fan or small, battery-powered fan,” he says. That trick comes with a caveat — if you are “around a lot of people’s exhalation, you’re just fanning that air at yourself” — but with sufficient social distancing you may be able to use a fan to stay comfy while still protecting yourself.

“The other thing you see a lot of people doing in Asian countries during the summer is shading themselves with an umbrella,” Poland says. “Turns out that things like that actually do help.”

4. Skip the makeup

Heat and perspiration mixed with makeup or oily skin care products makes for a gunky mess under your mask. “You don’t have the ability to have sweat evaporate when you have the mask on. It all sits there and collects,” says Kovarik, the dermatology professor. That clogs pores and contributes to the lower-face skin eruptions that have been dubbed “maskne,” a combination of the words mask and acne.

Kovarik recommends masking up with your face clean, save perhaps for a bit of moisturizer (preferably with some SPF, if you plan to be out long). “Creams that have dimethicone in them are a good moisturizer but also is a barrier cream, so it creates some protection between your skin and the mask,” she says. “It will actually create a barrier to the friction.”

Another change to make to your skin care regimen: Avoid products with retinoids or salicylic acid, which some older people use to diminish wrinkles or sun damage.

“Those can be very, very irritating if used under occlusion or under some kind of covering. We don’t want to put them under the mask,” Kovarik says. “If [people] are using those products, it’s better to put them on at night and then wash your face in the morning.”

5. Bring a spare

If you can’t keep your mask from getting icky and sticky, there’s no better remedy than swapping it for another. “I recommend people do that anyway,” whatever the weather, Poland says. “When you’re outside with the mask on, that mask has a limited lifespan.”

On especially hot and humid days, pack multiple masks, recommends Vanos, the heat expert. Just make sure to follow the other CDC safety recommendations when changing masks, like avoiding crowds and washing or sanitizing your hands.

“If you really need to remove it to cool off, move away from people, cool off, maybe switch the mask to a new one, and then go back,” Vanos says.

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